Home | About us | Editorial board | Search | Ahead of print | Current issue | Archives | Submit article | Instructions| Reviewers

  Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size Users Online: 234    
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 82-86

Oral hygiene and gingival health status of children with Down syndrome in Yemen: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Dental Surgery, Al-Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Sana'a University, Yemen
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Pathology, Ibb University, Ibb, Yemen

Correspondence Address:
Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri
Department of Oral Medicine and Periodontology, Sana'a University, PO Box - 12721, Sana'a
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.139429

Rights and Permissions

Purpose: The objective of the present study was to assess the oral hygiene and gingival health status among Yemeni children with Down syndrome. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised 101 children with Down syndrome attending special needs schools in Sana'a, Yemen. The calculus index (CI), plaque index (PI), and the gingival index (GI) were used to assess oral hygiene and gingival health status. Results: All subjects had gingivitis; the mean CI, PI, and GI scores were 0.58 ± 0.61, 1.45 ± 0.57, and 1.54 ± 0.64, respectively, with no significant difference found across gender. Stepwise linear regression analysis revealed that the best predictors in the descending order for CI were age and mother's education, and the best predictors for PI were IQ level, age, and father's education. Having severe mental retardation, older age, less educated parents were the most important predictors for poor gingival health status. Conclusions: These findings show that children with Down syndrome have poor oral hygiene and high levels of periodontal diseases. Hence, appropriate oral health education should be tailored to the needs of these children with the support of their teachers and parents.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded431    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 8    

Recommend this journal