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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 164-169

Effect of end-stage renal disease on oral health in patients undergoing renal dialysis: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Sciences and Research, Bhilai, Chattisgarh, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, GITAM Dental College and Hospital, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
5 Department of Periodontics, Ahmedabad Dental College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Nalam Radhika Gautam
Department of Public Health Dentistry, Rungta College of Dental Sciences, Bhilai, Chattisgarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.142006

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Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the effect of chronic renal failure on oral health in renal dialysis patients. To assess and improvise awareness of staff regarding oral health care of the patients in hemodialysis unit. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey and oral health examination study were conducted on 206 end-stage chronic renal failure patients (stage V) who were undergoing renal dialysis in Guntur city. The study included the questionnaire form and modified WHO proforma to record their oral health status. Oral examination was done in American Dental Association (ADA) type III method by using mouth mirror and community periodontal index (CPI) probe. Questionnaire survey was conducted among the nursing staff in the hemodialysis unit. Results: Mean age of the study subjects was 46.79 ± 12.78 years; 81.1% were males and 18.9% were females. Candidiasis (8.3%) was the most frequently seen oral mucosal condition in these subjects. Majority of the subjects (44.2%) showed periodontal diseases (CPI score 3: Pocket depth of 4-5 mm). Caries prevalence of 56.3% was seen in this study group. Higher incidence of hepatitis C was significantly associated with higher duration of dialysis. There was very little awareness among the nursing staff regarding dental care. Conclusion: There is greater deterioration of periodontal health among dialysis patients with chronic renal disease. Awareness regarding dental care is very less among patients undergoing renal dialysis. These patients should be monitored carefully to maintain their oral health. Awareness must be increased among dialysis patients and nursing staff about the need for primary prevention of dental diseases.

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