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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 120-124

"Education level" responsible for inequities in oral practices among 15-34-year-old individuals in Jizan, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Prosthodontics, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Periodontology and Implantology, Sebha University, Sebha, Libya
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Puvvadi G Naveen Kumar
Department of Public Health Dentistry, College of Dental Sciences, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.155737

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Background: Education plays an important role and is a second major (non-medical dimensional) factor influencing the health status. Individuals demonstrate oral practices that impact the oral health positively or negatively. This study analyzes how self-reported oral practices are influenced by different educational levels among young adults in Jizan. Materials and Methods: The survey was conducted in four areas around University of Jizan. The survey subjects, aged between 15 and 34 years, completed the self-administered, structured questionnaire. Inter-group comparison was done using Chi-square test. Level of significance was fixed at P < 0.05. Results: Exactly 1597 subjects completed the survey. Of these, 644 (40.3%) had attained higher education, 884 (55.4%) had lower education, and 69 (4.3%) were illiterate. Statistical comparisons showed significant differences among the three groups with respect to the use of toothbrushes (χ2 = 88.67, P < 0.001), use of interdental cleaning aids (χ2 = 15.04, P < 0.001), siwak use (χ2 = 16.31, P < 0.001), cigarette smoking (χ2 = 14.28, P < 0.001), and khat chewing (χ2 = 38.1, P < 0.001). Siwak use was more among those with low educational level and illiterates. Further, smoking and khat chewing were significantly more prevalent among illiterates. Conclusion: The subjects with low education and the illiterates exercise harmful oral practices. This study indicates that educational level is responsible for inequities in oral practices.

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