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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 147-156

Zirconia in dental implantology: A review

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Melaka, Malaysia
2 Department of Periodontics, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Melaka, India
3 Department of Dentistry, New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC), New Delhi, India
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Vaidik Dental College, Daman, Gujarat, India, India

Correspondence Address:
Abhishek Apratim
Melaka Manipal Medical College, Jalan Batu Hampar, Bukit Baru, Melaka - 75150
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.158014

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Background: Titanium has been the most popular material of choice for dental implantology over the past few decades. Its properties have been found to be most suitable for the success of implant treatment. But recently, zirconia is slowly emerging as one of the materials which might replace the gold standard of dental implant, i.e., titanium. Materials and Methods: Literature was searched to retrieve information about zirconia dental implant and studies were critically analyzed. PubMed database was searched for information about zirconia dental implant regarding mechanical properties, osseointegration, surface roughness, biocompatibility, and soft tissue health around it. The literature search was limited to English language articles published from 1975 to 2015. Results: A total of 45 papers met the inclusion criteria for this review, among the relevant search in the database. Conclusion: Literature search showed that some of the properties of zirconia seem to be suitable for making it an ideal dental implant, such as biocompatibility, osseointegration, favourable soft tissue response and aesthetics due to light transmission and its color. At the same time, some studies also point out its drawbacks. It was also found that most of the studies on zirconia dental implants are short-term studies and there is a need for more long-term clinical trials to prove that zirconia is worth enough to replace titanium as a biomaterial in dental implantology.

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