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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 234-239

Vitamin D status and periodontal disease among pregnant and non-pregnant women in an underdeveloped district of Pakistan

1 Department of Dentistry, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan
2 Department of Surgery, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan
3 Department of Pathology, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan
4 Department of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Sind, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Farhan R Khan
Dentistry, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, Karachi – 74800, Sind
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.183111

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Aim: To compare pregnant and non-pregnant females for vitamin D level and periodontal status and to determine if there is any association between the periodontal health and hypovitaminosis D in pregnant women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Jhelum, Pakistan. Participants were pregnant females at ~ 12 weeks of gestation (n = 36) and non-pregnant (n = 35) females selected from the same locality. Periodontal parameters such as probing depth, bleeding on probing, and attachment loss were recorded. Serum samples were taken to measure blood indices and vitamin D levels. Chi-square test and Odds ratio were applied to determine the association between hypovitaminosis D and periodontal status. Results: Vitamin D deficiency was common in the pregnant group compared to non-pregnant (P < 0.001). Blood indices (hemoglobin, hematocrit, mean corpuscular volume) were significantly lower among the pregnant compared to the non-pregnant group (P < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups for probing depth and attachment loss. Conclusions: Pregnant women were more deficient in Vitamin D than non-pregnant women. However, no association between low vitamin D levels and periodontal disease was seen in the studied population.

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