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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 47-52

Evaluation of the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma and platelet-rich fibrin in alveolar defects after removal of impacted bilateral mandibular third molars

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, MIDSR Dental College and Hospital, Latur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, AME's Dental College and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
4 HKDET's Dental College, Humnabad, Karnataka, India
5 Department of Periodontology, Azamgarh Dental College, Azamgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Prashanth Hegde
Professor, Department of Oral and Maxiilofacial Surgery, AME's Dental college and Hospital, Raichur, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.181167

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Aim and Objectives: This study attempted the evaluation of the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in alveolar defects after removal of bilateral mandibular third molars. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 patients reporting to Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and having bilateral mandibular third molar impaction in both male and female aged between 18 and 30 years were included in this study. PRF and PRP were placed in extraction site and recalled at 2 nd , 4 th , and 6 th month postoperatively. Data were statistically analyzed using IBM SPSS software for Windows, version 19.0. IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA. Results: This study showed decreased probing depth in PRF group compared to PRP and control one. This signifies a better soft tissue healing of extraction sockets with PRF as compared to the PRP and the control group and increase in the bone density highlights the use of PRP and PRF certainly as a valid method in inducing hard tissue regeneration. Conclusion: This study indicates a definite improvement in the periodontal health distal to second molar after third molar surgery in cases treated with PRF as compared to the PRP group and control group. Hence, PRP and PRF can be incorporated as an adjunct to promote wound healing and osseous regeneration in mandibular third molar extraction sites.

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