Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards HIV patients among dentists
RS Dhanya1, Vijaya Hegde2, S Anila3, George Sam4, Rajat R Khajuria5, Rishav Singh6
1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, PSM Dental College, Akkikavu, Trichur, Kerala, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, A J Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Periodontics, St. Gregorious Dental College, Ernakulam, Kerala, India
4 Department of Preventive Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Prince Sattam bin Abdul Aziz University, Al kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
6 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, Hazaribag College of Dental Sciences and Hospital, Jharkhand, India
R S Dhanya
Department of Public Health Dentistry,PSM Dental College, Akkikavu, Trichur, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Aims and Objectives: Discrimination by some health care workers, including dentists, against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected persons has been noted. The main aim of the present study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards HIV patients among the dentists of Trichur district, Kerala.
Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 206 dentists practicing in Trichur district of Kerala. Data was collected using a pretested, self-administered 26-item questionnaire and was statistically analyzed using SPSS software version 20.
Results: Out of 206 participants, 39.3% were unwilling to treat HIV patients. A statistical significance was found between willingness to treat HIV infected patients and age groups (P = 0.0001) as well as between the willingness to treat HIV infected patients and ethical responsibility (P = 0.0001).
Conclusion: Staff fears and increased personal risk are found to be the most frequently reported concerns in treating HIV patients among dentists of Trichur district, Kerala. Senior dentists showed more reluctance to treat HIV positive individuals.