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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 315-320

Effectiveness of intellectual distraction on gagging and anxiety management in children: A prospective clinical study

Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Hadat, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Nahla Nassif Debs
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Public Health, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Hadat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_397_17

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Objectives: The aim of the present prospective study is to determine the effect of an intellectual colored game (ICG) on the severity of gag reflex (GR) and anxiety in children during dental alginate impression. Materials and Methods: Forty-one children, aging between 5 and 11 years, having a GR varying from normal to moderate had upper alginate impressions. The children's anxiety was evaluated with a facial image scale (FIS) before (T0) and after first failed impression (T1), then, after playing an intellectual colored game (ICG) at T2, while taking an upper alginate impression. Results: 42.9 % of the children had a gag reflex of stage 2 and 31.0 % a facial scale of 3. Initial GR was not significantly associated with the final success of the impression (P =0.260) whereas final impression success was strongly associated with FIS (P <0.001). There was a statistically significant reduction in median GR score from T0 to T2 (P < 0.001) and FIS dropped significantly at T2 with ICG (P < 0.001). Conclusion: This study highlights the clinical performance of the intellectual distraction approach in GR management

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