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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 381-388

Knowledge, attitude, and awareness among diabetic patients in Davangere about the association between diabetes and periodontal disease

1 Department of Periodontics, Subbaiah Institute of Dental Sciences, Shimoga, India
2 Department of Periodontics, Manubhai Patel Dental College and Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Periodontics, Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Sciences and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Department of Periodontics, Sharavathi Dental College and Hospital, Shimoga, India
5 Department of Periodontics, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shruthi Mavinahally Shanmukappa
Department of Periodontics, Subbaiah Institute of Dental Sciences, NH-13, Purle, Shimoga - 577 222, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_390_17

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Objective: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the major public health problems. Association of diabetes and periodontitis is widely proven and can influence each other in the development and progression of the disease and its complications, which are largely preventable. Hence, if data could be collected on the knowledge and awareness about the association between DM and periodontal disease, the results could be applied in creating public health campaigns and can bring about lifestyle modification among people. The aim of the present study is to assess the awareness, attitude, and practices of diabetic patients regarding their periodontal health in Davangere city with the objective of enhancing dental health education for this population, which would upgrade their knowledge and awareness. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional survey was carried out on 600 diabetic patients from various clinics. A time limit of 3 months was set for the data collection which was then subjected to statistical software SAS 9.2, SPSS 15.0, Stata 10.1, MedCalc 9.0.1, Systat 12.0, and R environment version 2.11.1 for statistical analysis. Results: On correlation of gender and education with overall knowledge of association between periodontal disease and DM, females and participants below secondary school education and lower duration of DM were significantly associated with lack of knowledge. Other questions revealed limited awareness, sources, and need for more information about this association and depicted poor knowledge and attitude toward the oral health. Conclusion: Dental professionals need to create awareness about the importance of maintaining good oral health influencing overall general health in diabetic patients. Oral screening and referral by health professionals to dentists may benefit diabetic patients by improving access to dental care.

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