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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 9  |  Page : 163-169

Screening projects for oral carcinoma in relation to health education and patients' compliance: Study on 600 participants

1 Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive and Odontostomatological Sciences - Oral Medicine Complex Unit - University “Federico II” of Naples, Napoli, Italy
2 Department of Medicine, Dentistry Unit, Surgery and Dentistry, University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Stefania Leuci
Via Pansini 5, Naples
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_370_17

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Aims and Objectives: The lack of information among the population regarding the existence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and the lack of attention and expertise in examining the oral cavity of dentists and clinicians still remain very worrying and could explain the high incidence of OSCC. The aim of this study is to evaluate the level of awareness of OSCC among 600 participants from Southern Italy. Materials and Methods: A 13-question survey was prepared and distributed to 600 participants divided into two subgroups, the first one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive, and Odontostomatological Sciences, University Federico II of Naples, for the treatment of dental pathologies, and the second one of 300 patients referring to the Department of Internal Medicine of the Second University of Naples for the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Statistical analysis consisted in the calculation of percentages related to the answers given by patients. Comparison of percentages was after performed between the two subgroups. Result: Only 175 participants (29.1%) knew about the existence of pathologies which can affect the oral mucosa, and only 46 (7.6%) were aware that carcinoma can arise in the oral cavity; 345 (57,5%) stated that they had periodical dental visits, at least once a year but none of them stated they had a visit for the identification of oral carcinomas. Conclusion: The data acquired must be taken into consideration to outline essential socio-healthcare educational projects on carcinoma and its risk factors, training programs to increase dentists and clinicians' competences, and to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of oral carcinoma screening programs.

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