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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 212-217

Antifungal efficacy and the mechanical properties of soft liners against Candida albicans after the incorporation of garlic and neem: An In vitro study

Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Ramachandra University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Seenivasan Madhan Kumar
Department of Prosthodontics, Sri Ramachandra University, Room No. 8, Chennai - 600 102, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_343_17

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Objectives: To evaluate the in vitro growth inhibition of Candida albicans, in the soft-liner material and Shore A hardness from resin-based denture soft lining materials modified by neem or garlic incorporation. Materials and Methods: Resin discs were prepared with poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) and soft liners incorporated with varying concentrations of neem or garlic. For antifungal activity, resin discs were placed on agar plates inoculated with C. albicans and were evaluated after 2, 4, and 7 days using the streaking method. The hardness of the PMMA was evaluated with the use of Shore A at 2, 4, and 7 days. Data were statistically processed by SPSS software (IBM Company, Chicago, USA) using Kruskal–Wallis test, and post hoc comparisons were done using Dunn's test. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Neem and garlic added to PMMA soft liner had an inhibitory effect on C. albicans. Both the neem and garlic when added showed positive results against C. albicans when compared to the control group. The soft liner hardness increased statistically by time but not for the different plant extract concentrations. Conclusions: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it was found that neem and garlic can be used as an additive to tissue conditioner to reduce the adherence of C. albicans without significantly affecting the hardness of the heat-polymerized acrylic resin.

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