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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 612-618

Independent variables of dental erosion among tertiary care hospital patients of a developing country

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Satheesh Sasidharan Latha
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_340_18

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Background and Aim: Dental erosion is a multifactorial condition, which is mostly influenced by environmental factors. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of dental erosion, its associated risk factors, and their correlation with severity of the condition. Materials and Methods: A total of 430 patients who attended the outpatient section of Government Dental College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India, were selected by systematic sampling method. Erosion was diagnosed by clinical examination and graded using Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) index. A pretested structured questionnaire on age, gender, medical history, medication history, and food habits was used. Results and Conclusion: Among the study population, 44% (95% confidence interval, 39.3%–48.7%) had dental erosion. Age above 45 years (79.7%, P = 0.000), male population (50%, P = 0.032), residents of rural area (49.1%, P = 0.000), patients with asthma (84.2%, P = 0.000), diabetes (90.9%, P = 0.000), gastroesophageal reflux disorder (91.7%, P = 0.001), and frequent consumption of orange (68.9%, P = 0.000) were identified as factors associated with erosion. The prevalence of dental erosion in the community was high. Results of the study established that better awareness of the condition, better facilities for its early diagnosis in the community, and development of proper preventive strategies are required to reduce the severity of dental erosion.

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