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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 531-539

A systematic review to evaluate knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding biomedical waste management among dental teaching institutions and private practitioners in Asian countries

1 Department of Prosthodontics, VSPM Dental College & Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, North DMC Medical College & Hindu Rao Hospital, Delhi, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences & Dr. RML Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Bhushan Dattatray Kamble
Department of Community Medicine, North DMC Medical College & Hindu Rao Hospital, New Delhi.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_157_20

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Objective: The objective of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, and practices among dental teaching institutions and private practitioners in Asian countries. Materials and Methods: Systematic review of observational studies on BMW management was conducted. We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE and Google Scholar. Manual search was carried out for similar topics in the National Medical Library, New Delhi. In addition, the bibliographies were manually searched. There was no disagreement between the two reviewers. This review was reported and conducted in step with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Only studies written in English and published until November 2019 were included. This review was registered in International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO registration number is CRD42019124900). Results: In this review, of 678 articles, 24 articles met inclusion criteria. Available scientific studies showed that knowledge regarding BMW management guidelines varied from 33% to 100% among dentists. Most of the studies reported that knowledge and practice regarding segregation of BMW was limited. Most of the study subjects were aware of hazardous effects of amalgam and had amalgam separator. Studies done in Chennai and Karnataka, approximately one-third dentists were not following BMW guidelines for sharp management and most of them were disposing of sharps in general waste bins. Conclusion: On the basis of the current evidence and data extracted from the various databases, it can be concluded that knowledge regarding BMW management guidelines among dentists is inadequate and practice regarding the same is poor. Regular training sessions and Continuing Dental Education (CDE) on BMW management guidelines and updates need to be organized for improvement of knowledge and practice regarding BMW among dentists.

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