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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 597-604

The knowledge and perception of antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents among dentists in northern jordan

1 Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jordan University for Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
2 Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Arizona, USA
3 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rasheed K Ibdah
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jordan University for Science and Technology, Irbid
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_70_20

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Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe the attitude and perception toward antiplatelet/anticoagulant agents in patients with cardiovascular diseases among dentists in the northern district of Jordan and to compare the current practice of Jordanian dentists and the recently published guidelines regarding the management of patients taking antiplatelet/anticoagulant drugs before dental procedures. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on dentists and dental interns working at the dental clinics in northern Jordan, including dental clinics at Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) and the private sector. The total sample size comprised of 128 subjects (78 dentists from JUST and 50 private practitioners). The participants were interviewed using a preformed questionnaire to assess their knowledge and perceptions regarding the antiplatelets and the anticoagulant agents. Results: Approximately 61.5% of participants from JUST university and 20.0% of those in the private sector were aware of the use of clopidogrel (P < 0.0001). Although the overall awareness regarding other antiplatelets such as prasugrel was very low (8.6%), dentists from JUST (12.8%) showed a significantly higher level of awareness compared to the private practitioners (2.0%) (P = 0.049). More than 70% of the participants from JUST and only 46.0% of the private practitioners were aware of the consequences of interrupting treatment with clopidogrel in patients with coronary stents (P = 0.002). Almost both the participants from JUST (25.78%) and the private sector (24.22%) are consulting the cardiologists with similar frequencies before interrupting the treatment with the antiplatelet/anticoagulant agents. Participants who have clinical PhD qualifications are more aware of the recent clinical guidelines and the newest agents compared to others. Conclusions: The awareness regarding the newest antiplatelet/anticoagulant agents is poor among the dentists in northern Jordan. However, the majority (62.3%) of them realize the consequences of interrupting such treatments in patients with coronary stents. Unfortunately, only a quarter of the dentists are consulting the cardiologists before interrupting the treatment with the antiplatelet agents. Proper education, courses, and workshops should be performed to the dentists to improve their knowledge about this critical issue.

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