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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 138-143

Assessment of the plaque-induced gingivitis patient with and without hyaluronic acid and xylitol toothpaste

Department of Periodontal Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Haider J Talib
Department of Periodontal Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad.
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_371_20

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Context: The traditional manner of treatment of periodontal tissue inflammation includes giving information about the problem to the patient, oral motivation, and mechanical scaling and root planning (SRP). Aims: We aimed at estimating the effect of using toothpaste with hyaluronic acid (Hyaluronan, HA) and xylitol (HAX) as a therapeutic agent in the treatment of plaque-induced gingivitis. Materials and Methods: Sixty male patients who were in the age group of 20 to 35 years participated in this study. All of them endured 4 appointments, who suffered plaque-induced gingivitis, they distributed into 2 groups depending on the toothpaste variety: group 1 (G1): made up of 30 patients who consume toothpaste that contains HAX, while group 2 (G2): made up of 30 patients who consume toothpaste without HAX (placebo type). Clinical periodontal parameters (CPPs) for all of them were recorded, once at the beginning of the treatment besides four times throughout the treatment at weekly interims during all visits. Results: The means of plaque indices (PLI) and gingival indices (GI) decreased along with the sessions for both groups, where the initial means of PLI and GI (baseline) were 2.55 ± 0.14, 2.33 ± 0.15 for the G1, and 2.57 ± 0.13, 2.34 ± 0.16 for G2, respectively; whereas the least means shown at the fourth visit were 0.39 ± 0.05, 0.30 ± 0.06 for G1, and 0.71 ± 0.07, 0.61 ± 0.05 for G2, respectively. There was a reduction in the mean percent of bleeding on probing (BOP) score 1 for all visits in both groups. Finally, an intragroup comparison among dissimilar visits and intergroup comparisons for each visit showed highly significant differences at a P-value of ≤ 0.001 for PLI, GI, and BOP. Conclusions: Using toothpaste with or without HAX can decrease gingival inflammation; it can result in a higher improvement in the periodontal status of patients than toothpaste without HAX.

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