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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 348-356

Efficacy of complex phytoadaptogens as an adjunct to non-surgical treatment of chronic periodontitis: A randomized clinical trial

1 Institute of Biomedical Investigations—The Affiliate of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladikavkaz, Russia
2 Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry Named After A.I. Evdokimov, Moscow, Russia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zhanna Valerevna Dzampaeva
Institute of Biomedical InvestigationsThe Affiliate of Vladikavkaz Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladikavkaz. 362001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_56_21

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Background: Many herbal formulas are used in dentistry in the complex treatment and prevention of periodontitis, but it is not always possible to achieve a long-term remission and stimulate regeneration of periodontal structures. Aim: The aim of this randomized clinical trial was to assess the efficacy of chronotherapy with complex phytoadaptogens (CFA) as an adjunct to non-surgical periodontal treatment (NSPT) and to achieve long-term remission. Materials and Methods: Forty systemically healthy patients with chronic generalized periodontitis (probing pocket depth ≥5 mm) were randomly divided into two groups: patients in one group received treatment with NSPT alone (group 2), whereas patients in another group received CFA in addition to NSPT (group 3). Twenty individuals with healthy periodontium (group 1) composed a control group. The clinical outcomes, Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S), Sulcus Bleeding Index (SBI), Periodontal Index (PI), and Doppler ultrasound results, were assessed on baseline, after treatment, and 6 months after treatment. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between groups 2 and 3, in favor of group 3 in terms of microcirculation parameters—S (P = 0.03), M (P = 0.02), D (P = 0.03), and RI (P = 0.005); indicators of PI (P = 0.005), SBI (P = 0.03), and OHI-S (P = 0.006) were closer to the normal values during 6-month follow-up. Also there was a statistical difference (P < 0.05) at all time points compared with controls, for several parameters in intragroup comparison. Conclusion: The data obtained confirm the hypothesis that CFA application in chronic periodontitis treatment is more than appropriate for long-term prevention due to their immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, stress-limiting, chronotropic effects.

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