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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 389-396

Psychodiagnostics as a mandatory element of patient protocols in dentistry

1 Department of Nursing, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Department of General and Clinical Psychology, Perm State University, Perm, Russian Federation
3 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Moscow, Russian Federation

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Ekaterina Ignatova
Department of General and Clinical Psychology, Perm State University, 15 Bukireva Str., 614990 Perm.
Russian Federation
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_60_21

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Objectives: This study aims at performing psychodiagnostics of the patients` condition with removable and fixed dentures both before and after dental treatment. Materials and Methods: The first group included 200 patients with fixed-type dentures, and the second group consisted of 200 patients with removable dental devices. The control group included 200 patients with healthy teeth. All patients were subjected to Fere’s skin-galvanic reaction procedure. Patients also filled out the Dental Status Questionnaire and were then tested following the Spielberger-Hanin Scale. For a comparison of differences, a two-sample t-test for independent samples was used. The Pearson correlation between features was calculated considering their distribution as normal. Results: In the control group, the hemispheric activity index increased 1.1 times after treatment. In Group 2, following the dental status questionnaire, the index of hemispheric activity increased 1.3 times in males with a positive emotional mood (P ≤ 0.01). A 2.2-fold and 2.1-fold (P ≤ 0.01) increase was observed among female and male patients with a negative emotional mood in Group 2, respectively. After the treatment, the hemispheric activity index in Group 1 increased by 1.1 times for males with a positive mood (P ≤ 0.01) and by 1.2 times for male and female patients with a negative mood (P ≤ 0.05). Direct correlation was recorded between the increase in the number of scores and emotional mood among males and females from Group 1 (0.72 and 0.73, respectively). After the survey, a correlation was established between the values of the hemispheric activity index and the increase in scores among males (0.82) and females (0.81). There was also a connection between the increase in scores and the level of personal anxiety in both male (0.57) and female (0.66) patients, as well as between the increase in scores and the level of reactive anxiety (0.56 and 0.57, respectively). Conclusions: Changes in the hemispheric activity index were shown to be related to the patient’s dental condition questionnaire. Besides, there is a relationship with the type of dental service. The practical application of this study implies that more reliable information about the patient’s satisfaction with the quality of dental care provided can be obtained using not only standard psychodiagnostic methods but also questionnaires on the patient’s dental status. Once the survey is completed and the data obtained analyzed, it is possible to define the correct strategy to restore the patient’s physical and mental health after dental treatment.

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