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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 457-462

Micro-cleanliness of hard tissue debris after advanced irrigation and comparison between EndoVac and XP-endo finisher: A microcomputed tomographic study

1 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; Ministry of Health, Dental Division, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
3 SCANCO Medical AG, Brüttisellen, Switzerland

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Loai Alsofi
Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 14940, Jeddah 21434
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_430_20

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Introduction: Conventional irrigation techniques do not remove debris adequately. The remaining tissue debris cause infection inside the root canal and may also affect the seal of the root canal. The study aimed to compare the ability of EndoVac (EV) with XP-endo finisher (XPF) in debris removal using micro-CT analysis. Materials and Methods: We used 12 lower first permanent molar human teeth for this study. The root canals were instrumented using a small TF adaptive system. Then, the volume of debris was calculated. Teeth were divided into two groups, according to advanced irrigation methods, with six teeth per group: EV group and XPF group. The volume of debris was calculated again. The paired-sample t-test was used to compare the volume of the debris before and after the use of advanced irrigation methods with the statistical significance of P < 0.05. The percentage of debris reduction was also calculated. Results: Both EV and XPF showed a significant decrease of debris in the mesial canals (P < 0.05), whereas EV only showed a significant reduction of debris in the distal canals. Conclusion: Both EV and XPF were able to significantly reduce debris after instrumentation in the mesial canals of lower first mandibular molars. Clinical Significance: The study provides insight into the recent advanced methods used in debris removal and canal disinfection.

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