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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 516-524

Evaluation of oral health-related quality of life for adult individuals with cleft lip and/or palate using OHIP-49 and compared with a control group: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Medina, Saudi Arabia; Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Division of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom
2 Department of Dental Public Health and Community Dentistry, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
3 Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Division of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom; Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Majmaah University, Al Majma’ah, Saudi Arabia
4 Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Division of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom; Department of Periodontics and Community Dentistry, King Saud University, College of Dentistry, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Division of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Marwan Aljohani
Clinical PhD oral and maxillofacial surgery candidate at the University of Manchester, Coupland 3, Oxford Rd. M139PL, Manchester.
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_100_21

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Objectives: This study aimed at evaluating oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among adults with cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) and compared it with adults with no orofacial cleft. The study also intended to find out the impact of cleft severity, gender, and age on the perceived OHRQoL. Materials and Methods: The study was composed of a sample of 70 adult participants who received and completed dental treatments: 35 participants with CL/P (CL/P group) and 35 participants with no orofacial cleft (control group) agreed to participate. Each participant completed the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-49) with no missing data. The OHIP-49 data were analyzed using the Mann–Whitney U test, and a P-value <0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Adults with CL/P reported higher scores in all the seven subscales of the OHIP-49. These results were statistically significant in physical disability (mean scores of 1.22, p = 0.017) and social disability (mean scores of 0.93, p = 0.046). Females with CL/P recorded better OHRQoL in the handicap domain (p = 0.026). Participants with cleft lip only recorded better OHRQoL compared with those with cleft lip and palate, and that was statistically significant at both the functional limitation (p = 0.003) and the physical pain (p = 0.046). There was a significant positive correlation between increasing age and functional limitation (p = 0.025). Conclusion: CL/P negatively affected OHRQoL for adults with CL/P mainly on physical and social disabilities of OHIP-49 when compared with a general non-cleft sample.


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