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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 524-531

Complete denture prostheses (CDP) treatment and care in Fiji: A qualitative study on dental professionals (DPs) perspectives on the triangle of communication (ToC)


1 Department of Oral Rehabilitation, School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji Islands
2 School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Masoud Mohammadnezhad
School of Nursing and Healthcare Leadership, University of Bradford, Bradford, West Yorkshire, BD7 1DP
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_75_22

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Introduction: Effective communication can aid in improving oral healthcare measures such as treatment outcomes and satisfaction of edentulous patients (EDPs) toward the treatment process. The triangle of communication (ToC) involves communication between the dentist, dental technician (DTech), and EDPs. This research aimed to explore the ToC between dental professionals (DPs) and patients undergoing complete denture prostheses (CDP) treatment in Fiji. Materials and Methods: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted among DPs under purposive sampling where focus group discussions were conducted at the four dental prosthetic clinics in Fiji. A semi-structured questionnaire with open-ended questions was applied to participants virtually via Zoom. The collected data were collated and analyzed manually using thematic analysis. Results: A total of 28 DPs participated in the study. Three themes were identified while exploring the ToC from DPs’ perspectives on CDP treatment and care in Fiji: staff communication—dentist and DTech, ToC and information sharing (dentist–DTech and EDPs), and stage-by-stage procedural checks for CDP between DPs. Effective collaboration between dentists and DTechs is an essence of a successful CDP treatment outcome. Most DPs agreed to undergo continuous communication throughout the treatment to keep EDPs engaged throughout the treatment process. In addition, stage-by-stage procedural checks in dental clinics as well as in dental laboratories improved the quality of CDPs. Conclusion: DPs highlighted predominantly the ToC between DPs and EDPs when receiving CDP treatment in Fiji as an essential tool for effective DP and patient engagement. Discussions should be complemented with the use of verbal, nonverbal, and written modes together with the utilization of interpreters to improve CDP treatment and care in Fiji.


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