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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 540-546

Experimental study of surface roughness of dental ceramics after polishing with three types of polishing systems


Department of Advanced General Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, 6, Yothi Rd, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Piyapanna Pumpaluk
Department of Advanced General Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Mahidol University, No.6, Yothi road, Ratchathewi District, Bangkok 10400
Thailand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jispcd.JISPCD_107_22

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Aims and Objectives: This study evaluated the surface roughness of three dental ceramics after polishing with three types of extraoral ceramic polishing sets. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty specimens were fabricated from feldspathic porcelain, lithium disilicate, and zirconia ceramics. The specimens were randomly allocated into four subgroups (n = 10). Group one was glazed (control) and the other three groups were ground using fine diamond burs and then sequentially polished by two rubber wheels from three polishing sets: feldspathic porcelain, lithium disilicate, and zirconia sets. The surface roughness measurement was performed with a profilometer and the surfaces were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy. Elemental compositions of three polishing sets were examined using x-ray powder diffraction. The surface roughness values of three polishing systems were compared by one-way analysis of variance with Dunnett’s T3 post hoc test. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: There was no significant difference in surface roughness when polishing ceramics with the lithium disilicate and zirconia polishing sets. In addition, those two sets provided lower roughness compared with the feldspathic porcelain polishing set and glazing. The main component of all polishing wheels was carbon, and only zirconia polishing wheel had more additional trace elements, which were titanium and silica. Conclusion: Lithium disilicate and zirconia extraoral polishing sets achieved superior results compared to feldspathic polishing set and glazing.


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