Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 12--19

Oral mucosal lesions in elderly dental patients in Sana«SQ»a, Yemen


Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri1, Aisha Ahmed Al-Jamaei2, Ghadah A Al-Sufyani3, Bassel Tarakji1, Bassam Shugaa-Addin1 
1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Al-Farabi Colleges of Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Oral Medicine, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen
3 Department of Dental Surgery, Al-Kuwait Teaching Hospital, Sana'a, Yemen

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sadeq Ali Al-Maweri
Al-Farabi Colleges of Dentistry and Nursing, Riyadh
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Objectives: With aging, the oral mucosa becomes more susceptible to external stimuli. The aims of this study were to obtain baseline data on the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions (OMLs) in a population of elderly Yemeni patients and to investigate differences in the presentation of these findings in relation to age, gender, education level, and the wearing of dentures. Patients and Methods: The prevalence of OMLs was assessed by clinical examination of a sample of 310 elderly Yemeni patients aged 60 years and older. A single examiner performed detailed oral examinations of the oral cavity according to international criteria and the World Health Organization codes. Results: The overall prevalence of OMLs was 77.1%, with a significant difference (P < 0.05) between men (80.3%) and women (69.6%). The prevalence rate of OMLs indicated a significant decrease with advancing age. The most frequently observed lesions were fissured tongue (34.2%), benign tumors (17.1%), hairy tongue (16.5%), and qat-induced white lesions (12.6%). Hairy tongue, qat-induced white lesions, and shammah keratosis were associated with men (P < 0.01, P < 0.05, and P < 0.05, respectively), whereas geographic tongue was associated with women (P < 0.05). The presence of one or more lesions was significantly associated with low education level (P < 0.05). Certain OMLs showed a significant association with smoking and qat chewing (P < 0.05). No association was found between the occurrence of OMLs and denture wearing (P > 0.05). Conclusions: The present study has shown a high prevalence of oral lesions among Yemeni elders.


How to cite this article:
Al-Maweri SA, Al-Jamaei AA, Al-Sufyani GA, Tarakji B, Shugaa-Addin B. Oral mucosal lesions in elderly dental patients in Sana'a, Yemen.J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent 2015;5:12-19


How to cite this URL:
Al-Maweri SA, Al-Jamaei AA, Al-Sufyani GA, Tarakji B, Shugaa-Addin B. Oral mucosal lesions in elderly dental patients in Sana'a, Yemen. J Int Soc Prevent Communit Dent [serial online] 2015 [cited 2022 Oct 4 ];5:12-19
Available from: https://www.jispcd.org/article.asp?issn=2231-0762;year=2015;volume=5;issue=7;spage=12;epage=19;aulast=Al-Maweri;type=0