Close
  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Periodontal pathogens as risk factors for NCDs. AR2 = aldose reductase 2, COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, eNOS = endothelial nitric oxide synthase, ERK1/2 = extracellular signal‑regulated protein kinase1/2, Ets1 = ETS proto-oncogene 1, transcription factor, FadA = FadA adhesion gene of F. nucleatum, Fap2 = Fap2 surface protein of F. nucleatum, HSP = heat shock protein, ICAM = intercellular adhesion molecule, IFN-γ = interferon gamma, IL = interleukin, LPS = lipopolysaccharide, MCP-1 = macrophage chemoattractant peptide-1, M-CSF = macrophage colony-stimulating factor, MMP = matrix metalloproteinase, NCD = noncommunicable disease, NF-κB = nuclear factor kappa B, OSCC = oral squamous cell carcinoma, ROS = reactive oxygen species, STAT3 = signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, TLR = Toll-like receptor, TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor alpha, VCAM = vascular cell adhesion molecule

Figure 3: Periodontal pathogens as risk factors for NCDs. AR2 = aldose reductase 2, COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, eNOS = endothelial nitric oxide synthase, ERK1/2 = extracellular signal‑regulated protein kinase1/2, Ets1 = ETS proto-oncogene 1, transcription factor, FadA = FadA adhesion gene of <i>F. nucleatum</i>, Fap2 = Fap2 surface protein of <i>F. nucleatum</i>, HSP = heat shock protein, ICAM = intercellular adhesion molecule, IFN-γ = interferon gamma, IL = interleukin, LPS = lipopolysaccharide, MCP-1 = macrophage chemoattractant peptide-1, M-CSF = macrophage colony-stimulating factor, MMP = matrix metalloproteinase, NCD = noncommunicable disease, NF-κB = nuclear factor kappa B, OSCC = oral squamous cell carcinoma, ROS = reactive oxygen species, STAT3 = signal transducer and activator of transcription 3, TLR = Toll-like receptor, TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor alpha, VCAM = vascular cell adhesion molecule