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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 5: Obesity as a risk factor for NCDs and PD. C-ABL = tyrosine-protein kinase ABL (termed ABL as it was isolated from Abelson murine leukemia virus-C-ABL: mammalian genome; v-ABL: viral genome), IL = interleukin, MMP = matrix metalloproteinase, NCD = noncommunicable disease, NEFA = non-esterified fatty acid, OB-R = obesity receptor, PD = periodontal disease, PI(3)K = phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase, ROS = reactive oxygen species, TGF-β = transforming growth factor beta, TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor alpha

Figure 5: Obesity as a risk factor for NCDs and PD. C-ABL = tyrosine-protein kinase ABL (termed ABL as it was isolated from Abelson murine leukemia virus-C-ABL: mammalian genome; v-ABL: viral genome), IL = interleukin, MMP = matrix metalloproteinase, NCD = noncommunicable disease, NEFA = non-esterified fatty acid, OB-R = obesity receptor, PD = periodontal disease, PI(3)K = phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase, ROS = reactive oxygen species, TGF-β = transforming growth factor beta, TNF-α = tumor necrosis factor alpha