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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 6: Stress as a risk factor for NCDs and PD. COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CRP = C-reactive protein, CVD = cardiovascular disease, HPA = hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal, IL = interleukin, NCD = noncommunicable disease, NK = natural killer, PAI-1 = plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, PD = periodontal disease

Figure 6: Stress as a risk factor for NCDs and PD. COPD = chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CRP = C-reactive protein, CVD = cardiovascular disease, HPA = hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal, IL = interleukin, NCD = noncommunicable disease, NK = natural killer, PAI-1 = plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, PD = periodontal disease